ABOUT GUDUR MUNICIPALITY

ABOUT GUDUR

Gudur is third largest town and municipality,in Nellore District in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In India, Gudur is the largest division in Nellore and a very old municipality. The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area surrounding Gudur.

History:
he roots of the town began during the Chola Dynasty. It is believed that Cholas constructed Alaganatha Swamy temple. Later the town developed around this temple. It is the largest temple in Gudur. The Satavahanas, Cholas, Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara kings, and Golkonda Nawabs ruled this area. The town is also linked with the history of Venkatagiri (ruled by Yachendra family), which is close by, 42 km from Gudur. Shridi Sai baba Temple,Narasingarao pet,Gudur, This is Old Temple Constructed at 1938,at that time baba advised to construct the temple.

Climate:
Gudur is very hot in summer. The town is quite frequently affected by cyclones and has an almost nonexistent winter. The best season to visit is from October to March. The eastern part of town is flooded often during the rainy season with people facing hardships. This is due to the apathy of the administrative authorities and the uncontrolled swamping of fields by the local populace.Its a pity that Gudur does not have any good infrastructure. Bad roads and worst sewage system add to the rainy season woes. Little was done for the improvement of the conditions.Afforestation and laying roads will improve this place.

Economy:
Gudur's economy depends on mica, lemons, and aquaculture.The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area covering Gudur, Rapur and Atmakur mandals of the Nellore district. Muscovite, quartz, feldspar and vermiculite type of mica are found around this area.

Industries:
* Tirumala Milk Products Pvt Ltd - Leading Dairy in south India
* Nelcast Ltd.
* 7softinc
* Sri Simhapuri Energy Power Plant (Madhucon Projects Pvt Ltd)
* Meenakshi Power Plant
* Navayuga Power Plant
* L&T Power Plant Plant
* SBQ Steels Ltd
* Shivatmika Technosoft[2] - a global software company in Gudur
* Chaithanya Mining & Mineral Industries

Mica Companies

* The First ISO 9001:2000 certified mica manufacturer in India - Premier Mica Company is the first choice of industries, spread across the globe, when it comes to premium grade mica products.It has its factory in Gudur and registered office in Chennai.
* Microfine Mica Company
* Mica Fab India Private Ltd.
* Krishna Mica Company
* Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co.
* Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co.

Printing Presses

* Rajamatha Graphics.
* Jayalakshmi Graphics.
* Shiva Shakthi Graphics.
* Venkat Graphics.
* Surya Graphics.
* Poorna Printers.
* Sneha Printers.

Transport:
Gudur is accessible by road and rail road.

Road

Gudur is located beside the four lane National Highway 5 called as NH-5. This reduced the travel time to Chennai and Nellore, Within the town, the roads are very narrow and maintained poorly. Most of the town is accessible by walking. Bicycles and motorcycles are the preferred mode of personal transportation vehicles. Manual rickshaws are available for hire round the clock. Autorickshaws are picking up recently but they are mainly serving the people traveling to villages around the town.

Few private buses provide transportation to the nearby cities/villages. Public transportation is provided by the State government. State government operated vehicles cover even very remote areas.

Railway

Gudur is a railway junction, located between Chennai and Vijayawada, with connections to Tirupathi. This is one of the big railway junctions giving the route to Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, and to Tirupathi, the holy sacred place for Hindus, to which people come from all over the country.

Hospitals:
* C.R.Reddy Hospital
* Anvesh Talli Pillala Hospital
* Government Hospital
* Yeshwanth Nursing Home
* Mythili Super Speciality Clinic
* Siddhu Allergy and Chest Hospital
* Bhaskar Rao Hospital
* Balaji Nursing Home
* Karuna Kranthi Clinic(cardiac care center)
* Anoos Hospital

Educational Institutions:

Technical training institutes

* Government Polytechnic College
* Government Institute of Ceramic Technology
* Industrial Training Institute

Degree Colleges

* Sri Karunamayi Degree College
* Sri Swarnandhra Bharati Junior College
* Yasaswini Junior College
* SV MCA College
* Vidyalaya Degree College

Engineering Colleges

* S.K.R Engineering college
* NARAYANA Engineering college
* AUDISANKARA Engineering college

Cinema Theatres:
* Srinivasa Teja theater
* Chadalavaada Venakateswara theater
* Sundar Mahal
* Sangan Theatre

Play Grounds:
* Alluru Audi Seshareddy Stadium
* SKR Govt College Ground
* ZPBH School Ground
* ZPGirls High School Ground
* Polytechnic college ground
* Polaiah gunta ground
* Vivekananda ground
* Collector bunglow
* Chillakuru Cross Road Varagali Ground

ABOUT GUDUR

Gudur is third largest town and municipality,in Nellore District in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In India, Gudur is the largest division in Nellore and a very old municipality. The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area surrounding Gudur.

History:
he roots of the town began during the Chola Dynasty. It is believed that Cholas constructed Alaganatha Swamy temple. Later the town developed around this temple. It is the largest temple in Gudur. The Satavahanas, Cholas, Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara kings, and Golkonda Nawabs ruled this area. The town is also linked with the history of Venkatagiri (ruled by Yachendra family), which is close by, 42 km from Gudur. Shridi Sai baba Temple,Narasingarao pet,Gudur, This is Old Temple Constructed at 1938,at that time baba advised to construct the temple.

Climate:
Gudur is very hot in summer. The town is quite frequently affected by cyclones and has an almost nonexistent winter. The best season to visit is from October to March. The eastern part of town is flooded often during the rainy season with people facing hardships. This is due to the apathy of the administrative authorities and the uncontrolled swamping of fields by the local populace.Its a pity that Gudur does not have any good infrastructure. Bad roads and worst sewage system add to the rainy season woes. Little was done for the improvement of the conditions.Afforestation and laying roads will improve this place.

Economy:
Gudur's economy depends on mica, lemons, and aquaculture.The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area covering Gudur, Rapur and Atmakur mandals of the Nellore district. Muscovite, quartz, feldspar and vermiculite type of mica are found around this area.

Industries:
* Tirumala Milk Products Pvt Ltd - Leading Dairy in south India
* Nelcast Ltd.
* 7softinc
* Sri Simhapuri Energy Power Plant (Madhucon Projects Pvt Ltd)
* Meenakshi Power Plant
* Navayuga Power Plant
* L&T Power Plant Plant
* SBQ Steels Ltd
* Shivatmika Technosoft[2] - a global software company in Gudur
* Chaithanya Mining & Mineral Industries

Mica Companies

* The First ISO 9001:2000 certified mica manufacturer in India - Premier Mica Company is the first choice of industries, spread across the globe, when it comes to premium grade mica products.It has its factory in Gudur and registered office in Chennai.
* Microfine Mica Company
* Mica Fab India Private Ltd.
* Krishna Mica Company
* Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co.
* Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co.

Printing Presses

* Rajamatha Graphics.
* Jayalakshmi Graphics.
* Shiva Shakthi Graphics.
* Venkat Graphics.
* Surya Graphics.
* Poorna Printers.
* Sneha Printers.

Transport:
Gudur is accessible by road and rail road.

Road

Gudur is located beside the four lane National Highway 5 called as NH-5. This reduced the travel time to Chennai and Nellore, Within the town, the roads are very narrow and maintained poorly. Most of the town is accessible by walking. Bicycles and motorcycles are the preferred mode of personal transportation vehicles. Manual rickshaws are available for hire round the clock. Autorickshaws are picking up recently but they are mainly serving the people traveling to villages around the town.

Few private buses provide transportation to the nearby cities/villages. Public transportation is provided by the State government. State government operated vehicles cover even very remote areas.

Railway

Gudur is a railway junction, located between Chennai and Vijayawada, with connections to Tirupathi. This is one of the big railway junctions giving the route to Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, and to Tirupathi, the holy sacred place for Hindus, to which people come from all over the country.

Hospitals:
* C.R.Reddy Hospital
* Anvesh Talli Pillala Hospital
* Government Hospital
* Yeshwanth Nursing Home
* Mythili Super Speciality Clinic
* Siddhu Allergy and Chest Hospital
* Bhaskar Rao Hospital
* Balaji Nursing Home
* Karuna Kranthi Clinic(cardiac care center)
* Anoos Hospital

Educational Institutions:

Technical training institutes

* Government Polytechnic College
* Government Institute of Ceramic Technology
* Industrial Training Institute

Degree Colleges

* Sri Karunamayi Degree College
* Sri Swarnandhra Bharati Junior College
* Yasaswini Junior College
* SV MCA College
* Vidyalaya Degree College

Engineering Colleges

* S.K.R Engineering college
* NARAYANA Engineering college
* AUDISANKARA Engineering college

Cinema Theatres:
* Srinivasa Teja theater
* Chadalavaada Venakateswara theater
* Sundar Mahal
* Sangan Theatre

Play Grounds:
* Alluru Audi Seshareddy Stadium
* SKR Govt College Ground
* ZPBH School Ground
* ZPGirls High School Ground
* Polytechnic college ground
* Polaiah gunta ground
* Vivekananda ground
* Collector bunglow
* Chillakuru Cross Road Varagali Ground

Gudur lemon market in Nellore district, which went through tough times in the last five years, has regained the top slot in Andhra Pradesh.

Farmers unload lemon bags (80 kg) at the two private markets here throughout the year. From here, lemon bags are exported to almost all the major cities and towns in the country every day.

The peak season began on January 20 this year and 7,500-10,000 bags of lemon were auctioned every day. Arrivals have now slowed down to 1,500-2,000 bags per day. From January till now, farmers sold crop worth over Rs 200 crore.

The government collected Rs 14.5 lakh cess from lemon exporters at Rs 3.50 per bag from April 1 last year till May 31 this year, K Raja Rao, special grade secretary, government market yard, said. The cess puts the number of bags at 4,14,285. Farmers earn Rs 2,000-2,500 per bag during peak season and Rs 1,500 during off season.

They grow lemon in about 32,000 acres in 16 upland mandals in the district, including Gudur, Atmakur, Podalakur, Rapur, Ozili, Manubolu, Venkatagiri, and Balayapalli. About 200 buyers take part in auctions, which are held at shops of about 50 commission agents. Interestingly, these agents are employed by merchants, residing in Delhi and other states. Delhi traders are the biggest buyers as 20 of the 60 lorry loads, each with 350 bags, go there.

Farmers reap three crops a year – first one in August-Sept, second in January and the third in March-April. Their counterparts in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and other states gather one or two crops only, the reason why Gudur became a national market, he said.

R Bala Raju, general secretary, Venkateswara Lemon Traders’ Association, told Business Standard that five years ago about 100 lemon laden trucks plied to every state in the country. The number of commission shops had also come down from 200 then to 50 now.

He said the 1994 cyclone did great damage to lemon gardens in the district. A large number of lemon trees were destroyed. The 2001 floods too destroyed lemon gardens, and the four-year drought, which later followed, dried up the gardens.

Besides, drip irrigation failed too. However, sufficient rains during the last two years brought things on track and the farmers were now again reaping profits.

He urged the government to construct cold storages in lemon growing areas of the district.